Dear homeowners, keep in mind that choosing the best types of woods for your home can be a very determining decision.
This decision affects even in the long run. Whether you just began the construction of your new home or wish to furnish it, keep this in mind. Getting the best types of woods is non-negotiable!
Meanwhile, we do understand that it can certainly be a daunting task to select the best types of woods for cladding. Why is that so? With the presence of just so many varieties to select from, making the right choice won’t come easy.
Furthermore, disregard the common assumption that all woods are built equally. To help you make the best decision, we developed this helpful guide. This article will expose you to the diverse types of woods commonly used for wood cladding. This will help you discover the one that works for you best.
In addition, understand that there are various types of woods and they all generally possess varied kinds of qualities. For some types of woods, they come very hard. While some types of woods are softer than others. Moreover, the range of shades you can get across all types of woods is endless.
Classifications Of Woods
At a glance, we can first classify woods generally into two kinds. These are the Hardwoods and the Softwoods.
Majorly, hardwoods are best for decking, flooring, and timber furniture. On the other hand, softwoods work perfectly for wood cladding and framework. The good news is that there are types of woods for all budgets. On the expensive end of it, we have oak, ash, walnut, and teak. As for softwoods, they are inexpensive options.
Note: Do not forget to check out the wood’s resistance to decay and termites.
More Details on Softwoods
Softwood is a product of coniferous species such as fir, cedar, and pine. These types of woods grow rapidly and they are lighter. Softwood has coarser grain and does not come with the kind of strength hardwoods possess.
In general, softwoods are deemed to be secondary to hardwoods for many reasons. Nevertheless, they still hold their position firmly in the woodworking world for certain works. More so, thanks to their rapid growth, they are very cheap. In building, softwoods are typically used for the framework of buildings and parts like wood cladding and lining boards.
More Details on Hardwoods
Hardwoods on the flip side are huge, strong, and solid. Hardwoods come in handy mostly for flooring, piers, and decking. They are the best types of woods for furniture.
Types Of Woods
In this section, we take you through the types of woods you can find around you. Here, you will discover their strengths and uniqueness. That will guide you through choosing what wood will serve you best. Follow through!
Cedars are all around us. The most familiar kind of cedar is western red. From the name of this softwood, you can deduce that it is pinky, red.
Furthermore, cedars are somewhat soft but straight-grained. Cedars are primarily used outdoors. They work well for furniture, wood cladding for walls, deck handrails, and window frames. This is as they are rot-resistant in moist settings. Lastly, they are relatively cheap.
If you stay in Australia, then, this is the most common species you will find around you. Within the species, you will discover a vast variety of subspecies. And each sub-species comes with its distinct properties. These properties range from color to grain patterns.
Popular among the sub-species are blackbutt (pale brown), Tasmanian Oak (cream), Jarrah (red), and spotted gum (mid brown). The cost of this wood varies from inexpensive to fairly expensive.
These types of woods are also known as Oregon or Douglas Fir. They are reddish-brown softwood imported from North America. Their fairly soft self possessed straight grain and a lofty strength-to-weight ratio. The strength is moderate even at a low weight.
They are a prominent selection as a rafter material in Australia. Plus, fir is rather economical.
You can find Pine in numerous varieties. Yet, the notable ones found in Australia are Cypress, Radiata, and Hoop Pine.
As for Cypress Pine, its strength lies in its anti-termite qualities. This explains why it is a famous choice as a flooring material. This has remained the case in Australia for ages. With Radiata Pine, you get a very popular house-framing timber but with an awfully low resistance to termites and decay.
Well, you can get it chemically treated to better the resistance. Last but not least, Hoop Pine is best primarily for plywood and it is economical.
If you’ve heard of a white-to-pale brown-colored wood that has a straight and desirable grain, that’s ASH. Ash is one hardwood that is easy to work with. This wood is typically utilized for furniture production. In furniture production, it comes in as an ideal alternative for white oak.
This is a white pale to brown wood that originates from Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. In these places, it is used for various works. Be it firewood, flooring, or furniture, it comes in handy.
Additionally, thanks to its fairly bland grain, it is mostly used for furniture with a design that needs to be painted. These are not the types of woods you use without painting them. Also, it is more costly than ash or oak.
Birch can be found in two varieties. They are either yellow or white. Also, they are very popular in Russia and Nordic countries. This is a moderate hardwood that works best for furniture and plywood.
Birch is one of the most inexpensive hardwoods and is used considerably by Alvar Aalto’s Finish furniture company, Artek, and by Swedish giant, Ikea
This remains a leading furniture wood. In color, Mahogany is reddish-brown-to-deep red. It is also a very popular figure in antique furniture. Hence, it is not common today because its growth is not sustainable. Mahogany possesses a straight grain and comes with medium hardness. Therefore, it’s effortless for joiners to use.
Maples come as either hard or soft. For hard maple or Rock Maple, if you like, you have an incredibly hard pale-colored wood. This is why it is the wood of choice for flooring a gymnasium. Meanwhile, soft maple is lightweight and is best mainly for making pallets and boxes thanks to its vast color varieties.
Oak existed for centuries before now and it is a common wood in Europe, especially in England. This hardwood remains one of the most sought-after woods for furniture. You can get this wood in red and white. The white version is preferred as it is more attractive compared to the American red oak.
These types of woods are resistant to moisture. So, it can be used for outdoor furniture as well. Lastly, English oak is considered to be an improved version of American white oak.
Thermally Modified Wood
When wood passes through the thermal modification treatment process, it becomes a natural, non-toxic type. This natural process basically cooks the wood. With that, it changes the make-up of the wood. The process heats up the wood in 400+ degree heat in an oxygen-free setting.
Physical Features Of Thermally Modified Wood
Thermally modified wood employs heat to get rid of organic compounds from the wood cells. That way, it will not soak up water, expand, contract, or give sustenance to fungi or insects. The high heat yields a naturally sturdy wood with permanent resistance to decay, insects, and water.
Note: The wood is not taking chemicals to be treated, but instead extracting moisture. Hence, the wood becomes lightweight.
Furthermore, thermally modified wood delivers extra dimensional stability. This is as it is less vulnerable to warping and cupping. More so, the wood has improved resistance to heat and weather also. In addition, with proper maintenance, the wood will not warp, chip, or rot in years to come. This is why most products available under this classification can last for as long as 20 or 25 years of exterior use.
Appearance Of Thermally Modified Wood
With this high incremental heat, the procedure comes permanent effects. These effects are what make thermally modified wood have that rich, deep brown appearance. Thanks to the darkened color, the wood has a surprising tropical appearance.
Moreover, the chocolate color can be sustained in exterior usage. All you need to do is to apply finish on the wood using a UV-inhibitor sealant on every side and edge of the wood. When you fail to apply this finish, the wood will naturally weather to a shade of gray. This is as it is exposed to the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
Using Thermally Modified Wood
Keep in mind that thermally modified wood does not soak up or hold moisture as it would before treatment. Therefore, species that naturally do not serve well in outdoor or wet settings can now be utilized in different ways.
The variety of applications available with thermally modified wood includes:
Also, it can be used in settings that are less predictable in moisture content. Some of such settings include basements.
Why Use Thermally Modified Wood?
First on the list is the fact that thermally modified wood is eco-friendly. Remember that harsh chemicals are never applied in the making of this product. Different from pressure-treated wood in the sense that it will not corrode metals. More so, we stated above that it also delivers dimensional stability with tremendous power.
Overall, here is a new non-toxic product that can be used both outdoors and indoors. This thermally modified wood is a green substitute to tropical hardwoods and pressure-treated wood used for exterior applications. Plus, this is a wonderful product to use in other applications where you need something stable and highly durable.
Conclusion: Allow the Best Hands Do the Work
After you select the best woods for your cladding job, you do not want to leave it to incompetent hands. Moreover, cladding can be done in just about any pattern needed. You might want a regular bevel siding or shiplap rain-screen siding. Some others prefer a more modern look for their homes. To get any of those, you need the best hands to do the work.
Wiedehopf provides a broad range of choices when it comes to exotic wood siding. We boast years of experience supplying our clients with the most amazing wood siding products. Over time, our wood cladding expertise is well known to be a better option than what others use.